What is Parkinson's disease?
Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disorder disease that often affects the nervous system of people which results in the variation of time-consuming movements and inflexible muscles. A common problem to older age group under 40 to 60 years.
Main Causes of Parkinson’s disease:
Nerve cells such as Substantia Nigra present in the human brain play a significant role in the movement. If these cells are unable to produce a sufficient amount of dopamine leads to damage of cells and slows down the brain activities or may stop working in some circumstances.
What are clinical features or Symptoms seen?
There are multiple clinical symptoms to know someone is affected with Parkinson’s disease.
1) Muscle Rigidity or Inflexibility:
Rigidity is a symptom of Parkinson’s disease in earlier stage states sudden stiffness or inflexibility or constraint of a muscle while walking or sitting or due to pain at certain body parts.
Bradykinesia is defined as a disabled symptom of Person, that shows the difference in regular movements. A person affected with bradykinesia is unable to perform his daily activities like brushing, bathing, dressing; help needed while eating etc and slow movements while waking.
3) Parkinsonian Tremor:
The Tremor affects to the resting body parts and commonly cause when people are stressed or over exhausted and it starts from one part to another part i.e., legs, hands, face, jaw etc. This is also called as a pill-rolling tremor.
4) Postural Instability or Balance:
Posture Instability is the main symptom of Parkinson’s disease that occurs in later stages. This happens because of losing stability while walking or in standing posture and sometimes there are chances of falling down without balance.
5) Festination or Parkinsonian Gait:
Gait is one of the disorders of Parkinson’s disease, occurred due to lack of dopamine in Basal ganglia. This will affect a person causing slow movement in walking and severe leg stiffness at certain parts i.e., knee and hips.
What is the best treatment?
Unfortunately, Parkinson’s disease is a non-curable disease but that can be manageable by using medications, physical therapy (Physiotherapy for Neurological Disorders) & rehabilitation process. In some patient case, surgery will be suggested as per the patient condition & symptoms to avoid major loss.
Physiotherapy or Physiotherapy at home is needed to see the improvement in daily activities and quality lifestyle of a patient, and plays the major role to support & strengthen the body parts, relieves pain, reduces stiffness at legs, hand or arms. This therapy includes sort of movement and strength exercises followed with a healthy diet.